Psychotherapy to Treat Mental Health Disorders – Psychotherapy is a common method for treating various mental problems, such as severe stress, depression and anxiety disorders. Psychotherapy is usually carried out individually, but sometimes it can also be carried out in groups. Through psychotherapy, a psychologist or psychiatrist will guide and train patients to learn to recognize conditions, feelings and thoughts that cause complaints, and help patients to form positive behavior towards the problems they are facing. In this way, it is hoped that patients will be more able to control themselves and respond better to difficult situations at slot online.

Conditions Requiring Psychotherapy

There are many inaccurate assumptions or stigmas that people who undergo psychotherapy from a psychologist or psychiatrist indicate that the person is experiencing a mental disorder or is crazy. However, in reality that is not the case. Psychotherapy is aimed at anyone who is aware that they have a psychological problem or is at high risk of experiencing a mental disorder and intends to seek help to overcome this problem.

The following are several complaints or mental problems that need to be treated with psychotherapy:

  • Having obsessions or habits that are difficult to stop, for example tidying and cleaning the house too often, washing your hands repeatedly, and going back and forth to the kitchen to check the gas stove repeatedly.
  • Hopelessness or extreme sadness for several months
  • Anxiety, fear, or excessive worry that causes difficulty in carrying out daily activities or work
  • Extreme mood changes, for example suddenly excited or very sad for no apparent reason
  • Negative behavior, such as irritability, substance or drug abuse, alcoholism, or overeating
  • Desire to commit suicide or hurt others
  • Hallucinations
  • Experiencing sexual deviations, including masochism, can disrupt relationships with partners
  • Difficulty expressing feelings or feeling like no one else can understand your feelings or the problem you are facing
    Has a tendency to commit self-harm or self-harming actions to vent anger

The complaints above may occur when someone experiences mental stress or a traumatic event, for example after a divorce, a family member or close friend has died, has just lost their job, or has just been a victim of a disaster or violence. Apart from traumatic events, some of the symptoms above may also be caused by certain mental disorders, such as depression, personality disorders, bipolar disorder, PTSD, anxiety disorders, multiple personalities (dissociative identity disorder), and schizophrenia.

Types of Psychotherapy

There are many psychotherapy methods and techniques used by psychologists or psychiatrists. The type of therapy that will be used is generally adjusted to the patient’s condition and the patient’s response to psychotherapy.

Several types of psychotherapy that are quite often carried out include:

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy aims to evaluate the thought patterns, emotions, and behaviors that are the source of problems in the patient’s life. After that, the doctor or psychologist will train the patient to respond to the source of the problem in a positive way. For example, if in the past the patient often used drugs or alcoholic drinks to deal with stress, then with this psychotherapy, the patient will be trained to respond to stress with more positive activities, for example reading books, exercising, or meditating.

Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic therapy

This type of psychotherapy will lead the patient to look deeper into his subconscious. Patients will be invited to explore various events or problems that have been hidden and not realized. In this way, patients can understand the meaning of every event they experience. This new understanding will help patients make decisions and face various problems.